Semen Assessment of suitability for treatment
This assessment tells us not just about the total number of sperm in the ejaculate and more importantly their progressive motility. Detailed morphological study of the sperm allows us to understand the number of normal sperms and rule out high proportion of abnormal sperms. In addition to these counts we also look at a few other parameters to help us believe that the sperm is capable of fertilization of the egg.
Reference ranges for semen analysis
|Parameter||Lower reference limit|
|Semen volume (ml)||1.5 (1.4-1.7)|
|Total sperm number (106 per ejaculate)||39 (33-46)|
|Sperm concentration (106 per ml)||15 (12-16)|
|Progressive motility (PR, %)||Progressive motility (PR, %)|
|Sperm morphology (normal forms, %)||4 (3.0-4.0)|
|Vitality (live spermatozoa, %)||58 (55-63)|
The routine semen assessment includes looking out for pus cells which is an evidence of infection. If these are found then we may need to do the culture and antibiotic sensitivity test
Semen for assessment has to be produced by masturbation and neither interrupted intercourse nor by using a condom. You also need to not have ejaculated for the last 3-4 days which gives us the best sperm count.